Drones have become very popular nowadays. They are being used in different sectors like real estate, wedding & special events, security, etc. Because drones are unmanned areal vehicles (UAV), they have some rules and regulations for commercial drone uses.
According to the DGCA, drones are the Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS). So, to operate these RPAS, they need a Unique Identification Number (UIN) and Unmanned Aircraft Operation Permit (UAOP).
Types Of Category Of Drones- Commercial Drone Uses
Nano Drones- Commercial Drone Uses
Nano Drones weigh less than 250 grams. They are meant to fit in small spaces. These Drones can be as small as an insect or of a few centimeters of length and breadth. These kinds of drones are usually used by spies so that they cannot be detected.
Micro Drones- Commercial Drone Uses
Micro Drones are bigger than nano drones, but it only weighs more than 250 grams. So, it purely depends upon the use of the user if he/she buys a micro drone.
Small Drones- Commercial Drone Uses
Small Drones are larger than nano drones. It weighs between 2Kg to 25 Kg. These kinds of drones have a size under 6.5 feet. So, they are very convenient to carry around and can be handled easily.
Medium drones are larger than small drones. They weigh between 25Kg to 150 Kg. So, it is very bulky to carry, and most of the professional personnel use these kinds of drones for surveillance and intelligence.
Large Drones are mostly used by the government and military. They are very huge as a small aircraft and weighs more than 150 Kgs. It requires a very high amount of power to operate, and the military uses it for surveillance on war zones and other significant places to gather information.
Rules For Flying Drones
For flying drones or RPAS, there are some very important legal guidelines, rules, and regulations that must be followed as per the Civil Aviation Regulations. So, the manufacturer must include all the safety features as per the guidelines. Besides that, the license has to be taken by the DGCA and all the clearance from the Ministry of Telecommunications. Below are all the guidelines that must be taken care of before beginning to fly a drone.
1. Registration for UIN is required for all drones except Nano Drones.
2. Authorization is required before any drone operation, except Nano Drones that fly below 50 feet and micro drones that fly below 200 feet.
3. Drone pilots must have a direct view of their drones while flying at all times.
4. Drones cannot be flown above 400 feet in the air.
5. Drones cannot be flown in “No Fly Zone”.
6. For flying in a controlled airspace environment, an Air Defense Clearance (ADC) or Flight Information Center (FIC) has to be obtained.
7. Without drone insurance, one cannot operate drones. This insurance will cover any damage to humans or property.
Required Drone Equipment
These are the necessary pieces of equipment that your drone should have. So that you can get permission for flying (excluding the Nano Drone).
1. It must have a GPS.
2. Return-To-Home Function.
3. Anti-Collision Light.
4. ID Plate.
5. Flight Controller with a data logging potential.
6. NPNT Policy is mandatory for all kinds of drones.
No Permission, No Takeoff Policy
In this policy, every drone pilot before flying has to take permission via a mobile app, which will automatically accept or reject permission based on circumstances. If someone tries to fly without permission from the Digital Sky Platform, then he will not be able to take off.
So, these are the rules and regulations that must be followed for the use of commercial uses of drones. For any kind of drone work, if it’s not Nano Drone, then these permissions are necessary.